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 MEDICINES AND TEND OF AILMENTS

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PostSubject: MEDICINES AND TEND OF AILMENTS    Sun Dec 09, 2012 1:12 pm

Medical Encyclopedia

Here Gorean knowledge of diseases, cures, drugs, herbs and plants can be found.
A first aid guide to deal with wounds and burns is included.

analgesic

A cream to numb the top layer of a smaller wound.

analgesics

Local analgesic: a shot of a calming drug or a local application of cream, is used to numb the affected area. Wait for the area to numb, before stitching and searing away.
General analgesic: a patient is put into a sleeping mode to be worked upon with a heavier drug.
Don't use kanda leaves for numbing, see 'kanda'.

agrimony

An antibiotic salve.

Bazi plague

A deadly, rapidly- spreading disease with no known cure. Its symptoms include pustules which appear all over the body, and a yellowing of the whites of the eyes.

It is believed to be transmitted by little mites like insects. Survivors of this transports immunity to their offspring. Slaves with diagnosis of this are usually exterminated as a method of containing the disease.

black pepper

Black pepper is used to stop bleeding, but it hurts.

bergament salve

A salve used for itching and rashes.

bleeding (or blood loss, open injury bleeding)

To lose blood from the blood vessels. This can occur internally, externally through a natural opening (vagina), or externally through a break in the skin. Direct pressure will stop most external bleeding.

Bruises usually result from a blow or a fall. They are dark, discolored areas on the skin. Apply a cool compress to the area as soon as possible to reduce swelling. Do not put ice directly on the skin.

The amount of blood is not a good way to judge the severity of an injury. Serious injuries don't always bleed heavily, and some relatively minor injuries (for example, scalp wounds) bleed profusely.

Puncture wounds, which usually don't bleed very much, are dangerous because of the risk of infection.

Abdominal wounds can be very serious because of the possibility of severe internal bleeding which may not be obvious externally, but which may result in shock. If organs have been displaced by the wound, do not try to reposition them; cover the injury with a dressing, and do not apply more than very gentle pressure to stop the bleeding.

FIRST AID for E/everyone

First aid is appropriate for external bleeding. If bleeding is severe, or if shock or internal bleeding is suspected, get emergency help immediately!!

1. Calm and reassure the victim. The sight of blood can be very frightening.
2. Lay the victim down. This will reduce the chances of fainting by increasing the blood flow to the brain.
3. Remove any obvious loose debris or dirt from a wound. However, do not remove any objects impaled in the victim.
4. Put pressure directly on an external wound with a sterile bandage, clean cloth, or even a piece of clothing. If nothing else is available, use your hand.
5. Direct pressure is usually best for external bleeding, except for an eye injury, on a wound that contains an embedded object, or on a head injury if there is a possibility of a fractured skull.
6. If the wound is superficial, wash it with soap and warm water and pat dry. However, don't wash a wound that is deep or bleeding profusely. When the bleeding has subsided, even if the wound is still oozing, place a clean dressing over the wound. Bandage the dressing firmly (dressings should be large enough to extend at least 1 inch beyond the edges of the wound), but not so tightly that the victim's skin beyond the wound becomes pale and cool, which indicates that the circulation is cut off.
7. Maintain pressure until the bleeding stops. When it does, bind the wound dressing tightly with adhesive tape. If none is available, use a piece of clean clothing.
8. If bleeding continues and seeps through the material being held on the wound, do not remove it. Simply place another cloth over the first one.
9. If the bleeding doesn't stop after 15 minutes of direct pressure or if the wound is too extensive to cover effectively, use pressure-point bleeding control. For example, in the case of a wound on the hand or lower arm, for example, squeeze the main artery in the upper arm against the bone. Keep your fingers flat; with the other hand, continue to exert pressure on the wound itself.
10. If the bleeding is severe, get medical help and take steps to prevent shock. Immobilize the injured body part. Lay the victim flat, raise the feet about 12 inches, and cover the victim with a coat or blanket. However, do not place the victim in this position if there has been a head, neck, back, or leg injury or if the position makes the victim uncomfortable. Get medical help as soon as possible.
DO NOT
(for those with no healing background, or who are in training)

DO NOT apply a tourniquet to control bleeding, except as a last resort; doing so may cause more harm than good.
DO NOT probe a wound or pull out any embedded object from a wound. This will usually cause more bleeding and harm.
DO NOT try to clean a large wound. This can cause heavier bleeding. DO NOT remove a dressing if it becomes soaked with blood. Instead, add a new one on top.
DO NOT peek at a wound to see if the bleeding is stopping. The less a wound is disturbed, the more likely it is that you'll be able to control the bleeding. DO NOT try to clean a wound after you get bleeding under control. Get medical help.

brak bush

A shrub whose leaves have a purgative effect when chewed; traditionally, branches of it are nailed to house doors during the Waiting Hand to protect its dwellers from bad luck for the New Year.

breeding wine
A sweet beverage which counteracts the effects of slave wine, making a slavegirl fertile; also called second wine. The extract from teslik is the active ingredient in breeding wine.

burns (or first degree burns, second degree burns, third degree burns)

First-degree burns affect the outer layer of the skin, causing pain, redness, and swelling.
Second-degree burns affect both the outer and underlying layer of the skin, causing pain, redness, swelling, and blistering.
Third-degree burns extend into deeper tissues, causing brown or blackened skin that may be numb.
Before giving first aid, consider how extensively burned the victim is and try to determine the depth of the most serious part of the burn. Then treat the entire burn accordingly. Knowing how the burn occurred is helpful, since different sources cause different types of burns. If in doubt, treat it as a severe burn.
Giving immediate first aid before medical help of a Physician is received may lessen the severity of the burn. If the burn does not heal normally, get the advice of a Physician.

FIRST AID IN CASE OF MINOR BURNS for E/everyone

1. If the skin is unbroken, run cool water over the area of the burn or soak it in a cool water (not ice water) bath. Keep the area submerged for at least 5 minutes. However, if the burn occurred in a cold environment, do not apply water. A clean, cold, wet towel will also help reduce pain.
2. Calm and reassure the victim. Burns can be extremely painful.
3. After flushing or soaking for several minutes, cover the burn with a sterile bandage (if available) or clean cloth.
4. Protect the burn from pressure and friction.
5. Over-the-counter pain medications may be used to help relieve the pain; they may also help reduce inflammation and swelling.
6. Minor burns will usually heal without further treatment. However, if a second-degree burn covers an area more than 2 to 3 inches in diameter, or if it occurred on the hands, feet, face, groin, buttocks, or a major joint, then treat the burn as a major burn (see below).

FIRST AID IN CASE OF MAJOR BURNS for E/everyone


1. If someone is on fire, either douse him or her with water if it is available, wrap the victim in thick, non-synthetic material such as a wool or cotton coat, rug, or blanket to smother the flames, or lay the victim flat and roll him or her on the ground. If your clothes catch fire, STOP, DROP, and ROLL.
2. Do not remove burnt clothing (unless it comes off easily), but do ensure that the victim is not still in contact with smoldering materials.
3. Make sure the burn victim is breathing; if breathing has stopped or if the victim's airway is blocked then open the airway and if necessary, begin rescue breathing and CPR.
4. If breathing is not a problem, cover the area of the burn with a cool, moist sterile bandage (if available) of clean cloth (do no use a blanket or towel; a sheet will do if the burned area is large. Do not apply any ointments. Avoid breaking burn blisters.
5. If fingers or toes have been burned, separate them with dry, sterile, non-adhesive dressings.
6. Elevate the burned area and protect it from pressure and friction.
7. Take steps to prevent shock. Lay the victim flat, elevate the feet about 12 inches, and cover the victim with a coat or blanket. Do not place the victim in the shock position if a head, neck, back, or leg injury is suspected or if it makes the victim uncomfortable.
8. Continue to monitor the victim's vital signs (pulse, rate of breathing, blood pressure) until medical help arrives.

DO NOT
(for those with no healing background, or who are in training)

DO NOT apply ointment, butter, ice, medications, fluffy cotton dressing, adhesive bandages, cream, oil spray, or any household remedy to a burn. This can interfere with proper healing.
DO NOT allow the burn to become contaminated. Avoid breathing or coughing on the burn.
DO NOT disturb blistered or dead skin.
DO NOT give the victim anything by mouth, if there is a severe burn.
DO NOT apply cold compresses and do not immerse a severe burn in cold water. This can cause shock.
DO NOT place a pillow under the victim's head if there is an airway burn and he or she is lying down. This can close the airway.

capture scent

Drug will render a person unconscious when inhaled or injected (chloroform).

carpet plant

A plant of the rainforest area inland of Schendi, having tendrils that are sometimes used as a source of drinking water.

caste of Physicians

The Fourth of the High Castes of Gor. This is the Caste whose members are dealing with the healing arts. Surgeons, apothecaries, medical researchers and health practitioners are all members of this caste. Universally, Physicians are regarded as non-combatants during time of war. The color of the Caste of Physicians is Green.

cauterization (or electrocauterization)

In the cauterization process, tissue is destroyed by electricity, or by heating or freezing.
Electrocauterization is performed with a small probe, through which an electric current is running in order to cauterize (burn or destroy) the tissue. It is frequently used to stop bleeding. It is a safe procedure and is routinely used in surgery to burn unwanted or harmful tissue. It is also effectively used to reduce or stop hemorrhaging by 'burning'(sealing off) the bleeding blood vessels.
Cauterization is not done with a sword or dagger or anything large, as it is a very delicate procedure. There is controversy on the use of cauterization (irons). Often it is better just to simply close the wound.

chamomile

Chamomile is a flower that is dried and brewed into a tea for stomach upset and pain.

cleaning of small wounds

Clean a small wound gently with water and soap. Don't use paga, water and soap are safer and more effective. Paga will work but it is a waste. Let the patient drink the page, if the wound isn't too serious.

Dar-Kosis (lit. 'holy disease')

An incurable wasting disease, akin to the Earth disease of leprosy. Disease also known as the 'Sacred Affliction' , so named because it is regarded as being divine to the Priest- Kings and those who are plagued are considered as spiritual to the Priest-Kings. The disease is highly contagious, and those who afflicted from it are required to wear yellow robes, constantly sounding a wooden clacking device to alert of their approach.

electrocauterization

See 'cauterization'.

emetics

Mix the powder with water and make patient to drink it.

frobicain

A sleep inducing injection used during Voyages of Acquisition to knockout a captured barbarian unconscious.

gieron

An allergen which causing jaundice of the eyes white perimeters; in combination with sajel, it simulates the symptoms of the Bazi plague.

healing salve

An ointment of the Priest Kings. It heals cuts and brushes in a few minutes.

hemp

Hemp is used to increase blood pressure.

honey

Applied on a wound honey promotes the healing.

Injections

Injection needles are used on Gor.

kanda

A plant which grows in desert areas. A lethal poison can be extracted from its roots, while chewing the leaves has an addictive narcotic effect. Don't use kanda leaves to numb a patient. Kanda will numb the patient all right.. and induce hallucinations. See 'analgesics'.

leech plant

A hemovorous plant that fastens two hollow, fang-like thorns into its victim, through which it sucks blood that nourishes it. They are primarily dangerous to children, but a grown man who might lose his footing among them would not be likely to survive.

laxatives

medical kit

The medical or first aid kit contains rense cloth to clean and cover wounds, bandages made of silk and softer rense cloth, tieing strips for larger bandages, reels of bosk sinew thread, a towel; various sized needles for suturing, syringes for analgesics, scissors, scalpels, tweezers and pliers; soap, numbing salve, numbing drug, healing salve, antiseptic powder, valerian powder, most common antidotes.

mudpacks

Mudpacks are placed on a sprained ankle to help with swelling and pain.

ost bites

The bite of the ost, a tiny snake of about 12" length, causes an extremely painful death within seconds. Its venom is a neurotoxin, there is no anecdote.

peppermint

Peppermint is used to fight off infection and help with nausea.

poison

The use of poison is generally considered not worthy of men. It is contrary to the Code of Warrior Caste. Poison is thought of as a female weapon.

pregnancy

As on Earth pregnancy last for 9 months on Gor.

recovery

Humans on Gor recover quickly from injuries.
Small wounds will heal within a few hours, medium sized wounds in one or two days and large gaping wounds in 3 to 5 days. In case of medium sized wounds in the stomach, lower back or legs the V/victim should refrain from furring, in case of large wounds the V/victim should abstain from both fighting and furring. Bruises will be gone within a day.

Bones will heal in as less as 3 days and tendons in 2 days.

sajel

A drug which causes harmless pustules to erupt on the body; in combination with gieron, it simulates the symptoms of the Bazi plague.

second wine

See 'breeding wine'.

shock

Common symptoms of a shock include: Pale, sweaty, or clammy skin; bluish lips and fingernails; weakness and decreasing alertness; a drop in blood pressure and elevated pulse rate; rapid, shallow respiration.

sip root

A bitter root whose extract is the active ingredient in slave wine.

slave wine

A black, bitter beverage that acts as a contraceptive. The extract of sip root is the acting component. The effect of slave wine is instantaneous and lasts for well over a month. It can be counteracted with another, sweet-tasting beverage, breeding wine.

sleeping powder

Sleeping powder is added to water to make an amber fluid.

stabilisation serums

A drug which, among other things, retards the aging process. The stabilization serums were invented by the Priest-Kings. Men were allowed to develop something that approximates these serums. The stabilisation serums are administered in a series of 4 injections, to both Free and slave.

sunflower seeds

Dried seeds, in crushed form, are smoked in a pipe to clear the mind and to help with colds.

tassa powder

A reddish powder, usually mixed with red wine, which renders the consumer unconscious.

teslik

A plant whose extract is the active ingredient in breeding wine.

tourniquet

A device, as a bandage twisted tight with a stick, to check bleeding or blood flow.

Do NOT apply a tourniquet to control bleeding, except as a last resort, as a tourniquet may cause more harm than good. See 'bleeding'.

tubers

Tubers are used to make packs to stop external bleeding. The tubers are dried, crushed, and then mixed with water to form the pack.

vomiting blood (or blood in the vomit, hematemesis)

The regurgitation of blood from the stomach.

Vomiting blood results from upper gastrointestinal loss of blood (GI bleeding). This condition can sometimes be difficult to distinguish from coughing up blood (from the lung) or a nosebleed (bloody post nasal drainage).

Conditions that cause blood to be vomited can also cause blood in the stool.

No matter what the cause, seek a Physician for immediate medical care for this problem.

wounds

See 'bleeding' and 'recovery'.

white sage

Used to fight off infections.

willow

Parts of this tree are used for pain relief, the bark is chewed, while the leaves and buds are brewed as a tea.

yellow powder

Yellow powder is concentrated brak brush powder. The powder is used as a laxative, it causes diarrhea.

zingiber

Used to fight off nausea.

A bottle of green paga that can't be drank but that can be used to steralize and clean a wound
there is kanda leaves and willow bark both for pain *grins at carina* The kalana leave should only be used if the willow bark is not helping
salve both healing and one with ground kanda leaves to numb the wound
sizors needles .There is gut thread to sew up wounds one thin and the ot her thick
tweezers, splints, poweders for pain, likely plaster powder for casts

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